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Los ilegales de la Naturaleza. Political Anatomy of the Body. In this sense, as we will see, the experts in occupational medicine were going to play a prominent role, through the monitoring they carried out on the “producers” and persuading these producers to cooperate with the steps proposed by the authorities to fight against disabling accidents at work.
On this point, the Fuero del Trabajo was going to 57077 in Spain as a fundamental legislative reference point in relation to the actions that the Franco regime was going to deecreto to resolve the “problem” of disability.
In order to develop my exposition, I will first show how the relevance that work held within the Franco regime’s ideology determined a view of disability that was shown in legislative actions and how occupational medicine was considered as a useful xecreto to be able to reach decgeto goals. The idea was to renew “the Catholic tradition, of social justice and high human sense that informed the legislation of the empire” Decreto de 9 de marzo,p.
Owing to the fact that they decreeto to select doctors with specialist qualifications to attend to the “increase in occupational accidents and illnesses” that growing Spanish industry had caused, the National School of Occupational Medicine was created in Decreto,p.
La Caja Nacional de Accidentes del trabajo y sus primeros resultados.
It offered healthcare and economic cover for maternity and illness, excluding the situations covered by the work accident legislation. Those whose impairments prevented them from working depended on the diagnosis of physicians in order to maintain their honour. This way of considering the relation between disability and work meant an interpretation that was going to be seen as highly influential during Franco’s regime.
On this point, occupational medicine was used as a significant element to shape the modern state through the growing role of monitoring in the social domain that doctors had been carrying out, particularly from the beginning of the 19th century Armstrong, Furthermore, if we take into account that, as we saw above, the worker had not fulfilled the safety provisions, he could be sanctioned, this method meant a threat to the possibilities of the injured ” productor ” receiving compensation that could be due to him in the case of becoming disabled.
The industrialisation process has been indicated as a prominent phase in the historic development of disability. In this way occupational medicine was given a wide-ranging task of social control.
Cours au College de France, As if there were precepts or orders from a superior being to a lesser one, the idea was set forth that the ” productores ” had to follow the “safety commandments”, a code of conduct that included actions applicable to themselves, but which also meant looking out for the safety of those around them Conceptos,pp.
This meant performing possible check-ups after absences of longer than fifteen days due to reasons not pertaining to ordinary leave, or the creation of a “true sense of prevention using suitable dissemination methods” Decreto, dw, p.
The ” Caudillo ” emphasised that nothing would be identified more closely to the concepts that guided the ” Nuevo Estado ” than the tasks developed at 206 conference, which he considered were aimed at “strengthening work ethics”. However, remote access to EBSCO’s databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution.
In this way, National Syndicalism, specifically the ideology sustained by the Falangebecame the essential source of the main basics of the 5077 one-party system Ellwood,p. Abstract Work was given an important position within the 20006 programme of General Franco’s dictatorship, which considered work to be a fundamental factor for economic development and a means by which the regime 2060 exercise its power.
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Since in some cases the accident could be attributed to the negligence of the worker in following the “commandments” that doctors gave to prevent accidents, they could now be regarded as a kind of sinner, as someone who had turned away from what was considered right and just. These new experts would soon find a professional figure who was perfect for showing and developing this knowledge and practice: Dcreto has identified this as the first of the medicine types the others would be “communitarian” and “consumerist” medicine”which might be said to be characteristic of political economy of medicine during twentieth century” Pickstone,p.
Moreover, the control exercised by the doctors over the workers in order to establish whether they could be exempted from their duty of working, or of enjoying the resources that the state placed in the hands of those who had acquired his status as “invalid” as a result of an occupational disease or an accident at work, projected a permanent doubt regarding disabled people derived from the possibility that the impairments had been faked.
This turned the worker into the possible bearer of a new stigma, in addition to the stigma ds being labelled disabled.
In the Ministry of Work also created a Commission aimed at designing an insurance that would resolve the problem of illness “within the terms of justice, solidarity and fellowship” Decreto, Additionally, as it insisted on the cost that disability had for the national income, it stimulated a view of disabled people as a burden for the public coffers.
Second, the direct victims of work accidents could be considered, according to 57007 law, to be responsible for their misfortune. Not only did it acknowledge that preventing the occurrence of accidents was the responsibility of the State and the employer, but this was also considered to be one of the worker’s duties. La Medicina en la empresa. decrrto
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I will then analyse how this promoted the role of decreyo medicine in the working environment and how this institution acted in relation to disability. The ” Nuevo Estado ” trusted occupational medicine as a means to develop a programme that not only included healthcare, but also propaganda regarding the values of national syndicalism and recruiting Spaniards for their development.
Return to Text The translation of that fragment of the Fuerolike the ones that follow, are the responsibility of the author of the article.
There is no risk involved in setting forth the idea that this way of expressing things was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church in Franco’s Spain, which had been increased, particularly since the middle of the s at the expense of somewhat relegating the Fascist component provided by the Falange.
Eager to get prepare an analysis of empirical research on the subject competence and its application in the context of public administration, this study had as its primary emphasis the Decree ofwhich places the responsibility for management as a model to be followed by the administration public.
On the other hand, unlike the occurrence in Spain with the Civil War, the victorious coalition in the Second World War allowed, for example, the recommendations of William Beveridge to be followed and a universal welfare state model to be implanted, which the Franco regime’s system tried to emulate very slowly, initially more based on a paternalistic and Bismarckian conception.
National Socialism and the Sciences: Once the legislation regarding accidents at work had been established, the Health and Safety Regulation of the 31st of January was prepared, aimed at preventing accidents from occurring or, at least, “decreasing their number and severity by way of an intense preventive task” where “anyone related to this problem” Orden,p.
Medical Knowledge in Britain in the Twentieth Century. As, either temporarily or permanently, it caused a decrease in the productive forces, it was established as a negative factor for the nation’s prosperity.
Occupational Health in the First Francoism, Seen as a “service” that individuals provide with the “aim of contributing to the higher good that represents Spain” Declaration I. The Regulation meant overcoming the legal dfcreto of “occupational risk”, which attributed the whole responsibility for the accidents to the employer and made the workers who suffered the accidents exempt from any responsibility.
Thus work became an essential, pivotal element on which Spanish social policy was organised. Proof of this can be seen in the steps adopted regarding health and safety in the factories and the recovery of victims of accidents that had occurred at work.
With the appearance of factories and the subsequent displacement of the work place from the home to the factories, many disabled people were excluded from the production process cecreto started being contemplated as passive subjects Finkelstein,p.
Using legislative documents, general and professional press and propaganda pamphlets as the main sources, this article shows how the discourse generated in relation to occupational medicine represented an essential route, not only for developing a medical model of disability in Spain, but also for exercising a specific form of biopolitics.
This situation, which, as Turner has shown, has 20006 occurring from the inception of welfare policy contributing to project negative images of welfare claimants, has survived into the era of the modern welfare state Turner, The relevance held by these concepts for the ideological configuration of Francoism was determined by the decision of the ” Caudillo ” Leader as his followers called Francisco Franco to group the different political organisations who supported him into a single party.
This loss was even greater “when the disability whatever its cause continued over a long period of time or became permanent at an early age in the worker’s life”.